With balancing power or balancing energy, a distinction is made between the direction of the offsetting mechanism.
In negative balancing power, generation capacities are turned off or electricity is redirected to storage facilities to offset any excess generation capacity. Additional electricity consumers, such as flexible manufacturing operations, may also be activated.
In positive balancing power, additional generation capacities are activated or electricity released from storage facilities to make more capacity available in the grid.
Operators of small or medium-sized electricity generation plants that have declared their willingness to participate in balancing power mechanisms are aggregated in so-called balancing power pools. This way, their capacities can be quickly and efficiently managed on a centralised basis.